What is GMACCC?


“GMACCC is a global network of serving and retired military officers, and associated institutions, committed to highlighting the potential security implications of a changing climate and advocating action, including by the military, to minimise the risks”.

In response to growing threats to global security and peace posed by climate change, the Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change was created in 2009.

The Council was established at the initiative of the Institute for Environmental Security (IES) as part of its project “Climate Change and the Military” – a co-operative effort of a group of leading think tanks aimed at sending a clear and strong message from the security sector to global policy makers to engage the international community to mitigate security risks in proactive climate change adaptation strategies.

The IES project featured the publication in 2009 of the background paper, “Climate Change & the Military: The State of the Debate” which outlined the central issue of climate change and security, and established a framework for discussion in the military on its role in addressing the direct impacts of climate change on its core focus areas of national security, regional and global stability.

The group’s first joint statement was released in October 2009 at the third in a series of joint conferences on Climate Change and International Security which was held in Washington, D.C., and issued simultaneously in Brussels, Dhaka, Georgetown, London, New Delhi and The Hague.

The call for action emphasised that incremental and occasionally abrupt changes in the earth’s climate are triggering – on an unprecedented scale – human misery, loss of biodiversity and damage to infrastructure with consequential security implications that urgently need to be addressed. The joint statement called on all governments to ensure that security implications of climate change are integrated into their respective military strategies. GMACCC also called upon the military to help reduce energy use that contributes to climate change by reducing its own carbon “bootprint”.

The Council warned in the statement that “failure to recognise the conflict and instability implications of climate change and to invest in a range of preventative and adaptive actions will be very costly in terms of destabilising nations, causing human suffering, retarding development and providing the required military response.”

Each year since the founding of GMACCC the IES and partners have organised several events on climate change and international security and Council members have been guest speakers at many international conferences around the world. Click here for list of GMACCC related events.

The GMACCC Annual Meeting held at the European Climate Foundation (ECF) in Brussels in September 2013 preceded the seminar on Co-operation to Minimise the Risks Posed by a Changing Climate. Members and guests focused their discussions on topics such as: Building Trust between the Military & Civil Society, Energy Security & Geopolitics, Humanitarian Responses, and Military Planning in the Context of Climate Change.

Annual Meetings of GMACCC are open to all GMACCC Individual Members and representatives of Institutional Members. One GMACCC Individual Member per country shall constitute the GMACCC Council and every two years the Council shall appoint among its members a Bureau to coordinate the work of the GMACCC for the next two years. The Bureau elects from among its members a Chairperson for the same period.

Members of the GMACCC Bureau:

Major General A M N Muniruzzaman (Ret.) – GMACCC Chairman
Air Marshal A K Singh (Ret.) – GMACCC President
Brigadier General Wendell Christopher King (Ret.)
Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti, RN (Ret.)
Major General Joseph G Singh (Ret.)
Tom Spencer – (GMACCC Vice Chairman)