GMACCC Publications

The members of GMACCC believe strongly that global policy makers need to take seriously the issue of Climate Change and Security. The case for action is woven together from responses to a variety of real world situations that they experienced in their active careers. Generalisations are insufficient to persuade governments to invest time and money in policy development in the relevant urgent timescale.

GMACCC Papers are designed to deploy academic excellence, in the form of briefs that are succinct enough to be read by busy policy makers, to highlight which issues need either further research or immediate action.

Reinforcing Environmental Dimensions of European Foreign and Security Policy

This paper outlines the environmental dimension of the European security policy and security-related foreign policy and discusses how the integration of environmental concerns into this policy framework could – and should – be improved to support the delivery of the 2030 Sustainability Agenda, both in the EU and globally.

The paper was authored by Marianne Kettunen (IEEP), Dominique Noome (GMACCC) and Johanna Nyman (IEEP) and co-published in the Think 2030 series in January 2019 by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) , the Brussels Dialogue on Climate Democracy (BDCD) and the Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change (GMACCC).


Winning the Environment: The Ecosystem Approach and its Value for Military Operations

In this second completely revised edition (August 2016), GMACCC members Piet Wit and Dominique Noome summarise the twelve principles of the Ecosystem Approach into four steps of a Rapid Ecological Assessment. Military (and civilian) personnel using this book will be guided to a more complete situational understanding, allowing them to create relevant partnerships and make decisions for long-term conflict resolution.

In the foreword, Former Defence Secretary of Pakistan and GMACCC member Lt Gen Tariq Waseem writes that this book will also create opportunities for working together with local partners in implementing climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies. Continued dialogue and collaboration are the only way we can solve the global challenges in environmental security.


Climate Change and Security in South Asia: Cooperating for Peace published in May 2016, warns that a recent drought in India which has affected over 330 million people – causing displacement and threatening farms –is just the first hint of how climate change could destabilise the South Asian region unless steps are taken to address the threat posed by a warming, resource-scarce world.

The report by GMACCC authors Lt. General Tariq Waseem Ghazi (Ret.) of Pakistan, Maj. General A.N.M. Muniruzzaman (Ret.) of Bangladesh and Air Marshall A.K. Singh (Ret.) of India recommends that the region’s leaders strengthen cooperation to reduce the potential for widespread human suffering and further instability.

Climate Change & Security in Africa: Clear Risks, Nuanced Impacts addresses links between climate patterns and conflict in Africa in order to raise awareness of present and emerging climate-related risks in the region. The December 2014 publication focuses on climate-related stability factors in Mali, Darfur and South Sudan – including food security, migration.

The key messages in this report include the point that because climate change does not impact conflict directly, policy responses can potentially prevent the adverse impact that climate change has on security outcomes like conflict. Government policies on food distribution, migration, land and water use, natural resource management, adaptation aid distribution, and any number of other issues impact how their populations experience climate change and thus the grievances that conflict actors may leverage to drive conflict.

Climate Change: Implications For Defence  reviews the ways climate change is challenging global security and the role the military can play in addressing that challenge. The June 2014 publication is based closely on the Fifth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a comprehensive and relevant analysis of our changing climate.